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New Light on Bush Protection of Posada Carriles

May 19, 2007
Reprinted from Prensa Latina

Havana, May 19 (Prensa Latina) Robert Kennedy"s suspicions about the involvement of gangs of Cuban and Italian origin at the service of the CIA in his brothers" assassination sheds new light on the Bush family protection of international terrorist Luis Posada Carriles.

Granma daily quoted revelations published by the Chicago Tribune [sic] on May 13, saying that Robert F. Kennedy suspected, and started investigating from the first time, on November 22, 1963, that his brother"s assassination was part of a conspiracy by these groups, as he was fully aware of their motives because he had been working with them to ouster Fidel Castro and suffocate the Cuban Revolution in the wake of the failed Bay of Pigs invasion.

These revelations appear in the book "Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years" by David Talbot, published by Simon and Schuster.

Robert Kennedy was aware that in Washington it was better to keep secrets when one is working in a relevant issue. That"s why he misled people for several years by saying in public that no investigation would bring his brother back.

In fact, in successive years until his own assassination on June 5, 1968, he managed to collect an incredible body of evidence which maintain why he had those suspicions.

The group of CIA officials allegedly involved in JFK"s assassination was present, beyond their duties, in the hotel where Robert Kennedy, the sure candidate to win the presidency, was killed, it was found recently.

Granma concludes that after one recalls so many other terrible crimes of the CIA-Gate gang, one can better understand that Posada Carriles, who was also allegedly involved in Kennedy"s assassination, as he was in Dallas that day and is mentioned in the Congressional Report of the investigation he was subject to, may be trying to blackmail George Bush Jr.

Bobby Kennedy: America's first assassination conspiracy theorist

by David Talbot
May 13, 2007
Reprinted from Chicago Sun-Times

One of the most intriguing mysteries about the assassination of John F. Kennedy, that darkest of American labyrinths, is why his brother Robert F. Kennedy apparently did nothing to investigate the crime. Bobby Kennedy was, after all, not just the attorney general of the United States at the time of the assassination -- he was his brother's devoted partner, the man who took on the administration's most grueling assignments, from civil rights to organized crime to Cuba, the hottest Cold War flash point of its day. But after the burst of gunfire in downtown Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963, ended this unique partnership, Bobby Kennedy seemed lost in a fog of grief, refusing to discuss the assassination with the Warren Commission and telling friends he had no heart for an aggressive investigation. "What difference does it make?" he would say. "It won't bring him back."

But Bobby Kennedy was a complex man, and his years in Washington had taught him to keep his own counsel and proceed in a subterranean fashion. What he said in public about Dallas was not the full story. Privately, RFK -- who had made his name in the 1950s as a relentless investigator of the underside of American power -- was consumed by the need to know the real story about his brother's assassination. This fire seized him on the afternoon of Nov. 22, as soon as FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover, a bitter political enemy, phoned to say -- almost with pleasure, thought Bobby -- that the president had been shot. And the question of who killed his brother continued to haunt Kennedy until the day he too was gunned down, on June 5, 1968.

Because of his proclivity for operating in secret, RFK did not leave behind a documentary record of his inquiries into his brother's assassination. But it is possible to retrace his investigative trail, beginning with the afternoon of Nov. 22, when he frantically worked the phones at Hickory Hill -- his Civil War-era mansion in McLean, Va. -- and summoned aides and government officials to his home. Lit up with the clarity of shock, the electricity of adrenaline, Bobby Kennedy constructed the outlines of the crime that day -- a crime, he immediately concluded, that went far beyond Lee Harvey Oswald, the 24-year-old ex-Marine arrested shortly after the assassination. Robert Kennedy was America's first assassination conspiracy theorist.

CIA sources began disseminating their own conspiratorial view of Kennedy's murder within hours of the crime, spotlighting Oswald's defection to the Soviet Union and his public support for Fidel Castro. In New Orleans, an anti-Castro news organization released a tape of Oswald defending the bearded dictator. In Miami, the Cuban Student Directorate -- an exile group funded secretly by a CIA program code-named AMSPELL -- told reporters about Oswald's connections to the pro-Castro Fair Play for Cuba Committee. But Robert Kennedy never believed the assassination was a communist plot. Instead, he looked in the opposite direction, focusing his suspicions on the CIA's secretive anti-Castro operations, a murky underworld he had navigated as his brother's point man on Cuba. Ironically, RFK's suspicions were shared by Castro himself, whom he had sought to overthrow throughout the Kennedy presidency.

The attorney general was supposed to be in charge of the clandestine war on Castro -- another daunting assignment JFK gave him, after the spy agency's disastrous performance at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961. But as he tried to establish control over CIA operations and to herd the rambunctious Cuban exile groups into a unified progressive front, Bobby learned what a swamp of intrigue the anti-Castro world was. Working out of a sprawling Miami station code-named JM/WAVE that was second in size only to the CIA's Langley, Va., headquarters, the agency had recruited an unruly army of Cuban militants to launch raids on the island and even contracted Mafia henchmen to kill Castro -- including mob bosses Johnny Rosselli, Santo Trafficante and Sam Giancana, whom Kennedy, as chief counsel for the Senate Rackets Committee in the late 1950s, had targeted. It was an overheated ecosystem that was united not just by its fevered opposition to the Castro regime, but by its hatred for the Kennedys, who were regarded as traitors for failing to use the full military might of the United States against the communist outpost in the Caribbean.

Suspected Miami netherworld

This Miami netherworld of spies, gangsters and Cuban militants is where Robert Kennedy immediately cast his suspicions on Nov. 22. In the years since RFK's own assassination, an impressive body of evidence has accumulated that suggests why Kennedy felt compelled to look in that direction. The evidence -- congressional testimony, declassified government documents, even veiled confessions -- continues to emerge at this late date, although largely unnoticed. The most recent revelation came from legendary spy E. Howard Hunt before his death in January. Hunt offered what might be the last will and testament on the JFK assassination by someone with direct knowledge about the crime. In his recent posthumously published memoir, American Spy, Hunt speculates that the CIA might have been involved in Kennedy's murder. And in handwritten notes and an audiotape he left behind, the spy went further, revealing that he was invited to a 1963 meeting at a CIA safe house in Miami where an assassination plot was discussed.

Bobby Kennedy knew that he and his brother had made more than their share of political enemies. But none were more virulent than the men who worked on the Bay of Pigs operation and believed the president had stabbed them in the back, refusing to rescue their doomed operation by sending in the U.S. Air Force and Marines. Later, when President Kennedy ended the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962 without invading Cuba, these men saw not statesmanship but another failure of nerve. In Cuban Miami, they spoke of la seconda derrota, the second defeat. These anti-Kennedy sentiments, at times voiced heatedly to Bobby's face, resonated among the CIA's partners in the secret war on Castro -- the Mafia bosses who longed to reclaim their lucrative gambling and prostitution franchises in Havana that had been shut down by the revolution, and who were deeply aggrieved by the Kennedy Justice Department's all-out war on organized crime. But Bobby, the hard-liner who covered his brother's right flank on the Cuba issue, thought that he had turned himself into the main lightning rod for all this anti-Kennedy static.

"I thought they would get me, instead of the president," he told his Justice Department press aide, Edwin Guthman, as they walked back and forth on the backyard lawn at Hickory Hill on the afternoon of Nov. 22. Guthman and others around Bobby that day thought "they" might be coming for the younger Kennedy next. So apparently did Bobby. Normally opposed to tight security measures -- "Kennedys don't need bodyguards," he had said with typical brashness -- he allowed his aides to summon federal marshals, who quickly surrounded his estate.

A stunning outburst

Meanwhile, as Lyndon Johnson -- a man with whom he had a storied antagonistic relationship -- flew east from Dallas to assume the powers of the presidency, Bobby Kennedy used his fleeting authority to ferret out the truth. After hearing his brother had died at Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas, Kennedy phoned CIA headquarters, just down the road in Langley, where he often began his day, stopping there to work on Cuba-related business. Bobby's phone call to Langley on the afternoon of Nov. 22 was a stunning outburst. Getting a ranking official on the phone -- whose identity is still unknown -- Kennedy confronted him in a voice vibrating with fury and pain. "Did your outfit have anything to do with this horror?" Kennedy erupted.

Later that day, RFK summoned the CIA director himself, John McCone, to ask him the same question. McCone, who had replaced the legendary Allen Dulles after the old spymaster had walked the plank for the Bay of Pigs, swore that his agency was not involved. But Bobby Kennedy knew that McCone, a wealthy Republican businessman from California with no intelligence background, did not have a firm grasp on all aspects of the agency's work. Real control over the clandestine service revolved around the No. 2 man, Richard Helms, the shrewd bureaucrat whose intelligence career went back to the agency's OSS origins in World War II. "It was clear that McCone was out of the loop -- Dick Helms was running the agency," recently commented RFK aide John Seigenthaler -- another crusading newspaper reporter, like Guthman, whom Bobby had recruited for his Justice Department team. "Anything McCone found out was by accident."

Kennedy had another revealing phone conversation on the afternoon of Nov. 22. Speaking with Enrique "Harry" Ruiz-Williams, a Bay of Pigs veteran who was his most trusted ally among exiled political leaders, Bobby shocked his friend by telling him point-blank, "One of your guys did it." Who did Kennedy mean? By then Oswald had been arrested in Dallas. The CIA and its anti-Castro client groups were already trying to connect the alleged assassin to the Havana regime. But as Kennedy's blunt remark to Williams makes clear, the attorney general wasn't buying it. Recent evidence suggests that Bobby Kennedy had heard the name Lee Harvey Oswald long before it exploded in news bulletins around the world, and he connected it with the government's underground war on Castro. With Oswald's arrest in Dallas, Kennedy apparently realized that the government's clandestine campaign against Castro had boomeranged at his brother.

The Chicago mob connection

That evening, Kennedy zeroed in on the Mafia. He phoned Julius Draznin in Chicago, an expert on union corruption for the National Labor Relations Board, asking him to look into a possible mob angle on Dallas. More important, the attorney general activated Walter Sheridan, his ace Justice Department investigator, locating him in Nashville, where Sheridan was awaiting the trial of their longtime nemesis, Teamster leader Jimmy Hoffa.

If Kennedy had any doubts about Mafia involvement in his brother's murder, they were immediately dispelled when, two days after JFK was shot down, burly nightclub owner Jack Ruby shouldered his way through press onlookers in the basement of the Dallas police station and fired his fatal bullet into Lee Harvey Oswald. Sheridan quickly turned up evidence that Ruby had been paid off in Chicago by a close associate of Hoffa. Sheridan reported that Ruby had "picked up a bundle of money from Allen M. Dorfman," Hoffa's chief adviser on Teamster pension fund loans and the stepson of Paul Dorfman, the labor boss' main link to the Chicago mob. A few days later, Draznin, Kennedy's man in Chicago, provided further evidence about Ruby's background as a mob enforcer, submitting a detailed report on Ruby's labor racketeering activities and his penchant for armed violence. Jack Ruby's phone records further clinched it for Kennedy. The list of men whom Ruby phoned around the time of the assassination, RFK later told aide Frank Mankiewicz, was "almost a duplicate of the people I called to testify before the Rackets Committee."

Secret message to Moscow

As family members and close friends gathered in the White House on the weekend after the assassination for the president's funeral, a raucous mood of Irish mourning gripped the executive mansion. But Bobby didn't participate in the family's doleful antics. Coiled and sleepless throughout the weekend, he brooded alone about his brother's murder. According to an account by Peter Lawford, the actor and Kennedy in-law who was there that weekend, Bobby told family members that JFK had been killed by a powerful plot that grew out of one of the government's secret anti-Castro operations. There was nothing they could do at that point, Bobby added, since they were facing a formidable enemy and they no longer controlled the government. Justice would have to wait until the Kennedys could regain the White House -- this would become RFK's mantra in the years after Dallas, whenever associates urged him to speak out about the mysterious crime.

A week after the assassination, Bobby and his brother's widow, Jacqueline Kennedy -- who shared his suspicions about Dallas -- sent a startling secret message to Moscow through a trusted family emissary named William Walton. The discreet and loyal Walton "was exactly the person that you would pick for a mission like this," his friend Gore Vidal later observed. Walton, a Time magazine war correspondent who had reinvented himself as a gay Georgetown bohemian, had grown close to both JFK and Jackie in their carefree days before they moved into the White House. Later, the first couple gave him an unpaid role in the administration, appointing him chairman of the Fine Arts Commission, but it was mainly an excuse to make him a frequent White House guest and confidant.

After JFK's assassination, the president's brother and widow asked Walton to go ahead as planned with a cultural exchange trip to Russia, where he was to meet with artists and government ministers, and convey an urgent message to the Kremlin. Soon after arriving in frigid Moscow, fighting a cold and dabbing at his nose with a red handkerchief, Walton met at the ornate Sovietskaya restaurant with Georgi Bolshakov -- an ebullient, roly-poly Soviet agent with whom Bobby had established a back-channel relationship in Washington. Walton stunned the Russian by telling him that the Kennedys believed Oswald was part of a conspiracy. They didn't think either Moscow or Havana was behind the plot, Walton assured Bolshakov -- it was a large domestic conspiracy. The president's brother was determined to enter the political arena and eventually make a run for the White House. If RFK succeeded, Walton confided, he would resume his brother's quest for detente with the Soviets.

Robert Kennedy's remarkable secret communication to Moscow shows how emotionally wracked he must have been in the days following his brother's assassination. The calamity transformed him instantly from a cocky, abrasive insider -- the second most powerful man in Washington -- to a grief-stricken, deeply wary outsider who put more trust in the Russian government than he did in his own. The Walton mission has been all but lost to history. But it is one more revealing tale that sheds light on Bobby Kennedy's subterranean life between his brother's assassination and his own violent demise less than five years later.

RFK held onto evidence

Over the years, Kennedy would offer bland and routine endorsements of the Warren Report and its lone gunman theory. But privately he derided the report as nothing more than a public relations exercise designed to reassure the public. And behind the scenes, he continued to work assiduously to figure out his brother's murder, in preparation for reopening the case if he ever won the power to do so.

Bobby held onto medical evidence from his brother's autopsy, including JFK's brain and tissue samples, which might have proved important in a future investigation. He also considered taking possession of the gore-spattered, bullet-riddled presidential limousine that had carried his brother in Dallas, before the black Lincoln could be scrubbed clean of evidence and repaired. He enlisted his top investigator, Walt Sheridan, in his secret quest -- the former FBI agent and fellow Irish Catholic whom Bobby called his "avenging angel." Even after leaving the Justice Department in 1964, when he was elected to the Senate from New York, Kennedy and Sheridan would slip back into the building now and then to pore over files on the case. And soon after his election, Kennedy traveled to Mexico City, where he gathered information on Oswald's mysterious trip there in September 1963.

In 1967, Sheridan went to New Orleans to check into the Jim Garrison investigation, to see whether the flamboyant prosecutor really had cracked the JFK case. (Sheridan was working as an NBC news producer at the time, but he reported back to RFK, telling him that Garrison was a fraud.) And Kennedy asked his press secretary, Frank Mankiewicz, to begin gathering information about the assassination for the day when they could reopen the investigation. (Mankiewicz later told Bobby that his research led him to conclude it was probably a plot involving the Mafia, Cuban exiles and rogue CIA agents.) Kennedy himself found it painful to discuss conspiracy theories with the ardent researchers who sought him out. But he met in his Senate office with at least one -- a feisty small-town Texas newspaper publisher named Penn Jones Jr., who believed JFK was the victim of a CIA-Pentagon plot. Bobby heard him out and then had his driver take Jones to Arlington Cemetery, where the newspaperman wanted to pay his respects at his brother's grave.

Bobby walks a tightrope

At times, this drive to know the truth would sputter, as Robert Kennedy wrestled with debilitating grief and a haunting guilt that he -- his brother's constant watchman -- should have protected him. And, ever cautious, Bobby continued to deflect the subject whenever he was confronted with it by the press. But as time went by, it became increasingly difficult for Kennedy to avoid wrestling with the specter of his brother's death in public.

In late March 1968, during his doomed and heroic run for the presidency, Kennedy was addressing a tumultuous outdoor campus rally in Northridge, Calif., when some boisterous students shouted out the question he always dreaded. "We want to know who killed President Kennedy!" yelled one girl, while others took up the cry: "Open the archives!"

Kennedy's response that day was a tightrope walk. He knew that if he fully revealed his thinking about the assassination, the ensuing media uproar would have dominated his campaign, instead of burning issues like ending the Vietnam War and healing the country's racial divisions. For a man like Robert Kennedy, you did not talk about something as dark as the president's assassination in public -- you explored the crime your own way.

But Kennedy respected college students and their passions -- and he was in the habit of addressing campus audiences with surprising honesty. He did not want to simply deflect the question that day with his standard line. So, while dutifully endorsing the Warren Report as usual, he went further. "You wanted to ask me something about the archives," he responded. "I'm sure, as I've said before, the archives will be open." The crowd cheered and applauded. "Can I just say," continued Kennedy, "and I have answered this question before, but there is no one who would be more interested in all of these matters as to who was responsible for uh . . . the uh, uh, the death of President Kennedy than I would." Kennedy's press secretary Frank Mankiewicz, long used to Kennedy ducking the question, was "stunned" by the reply. "It was either like he was suddenly blurting out the truth, or it was a way to shut down any further questioning. You know, 'Yes, I will reopen the case. Now let's move on.' "

Robert Kennedy did not live long enough to solve his brother's assassination. But nearly 40 years after his own murder, a growing body of evidence suggests that Kennedy was on the right trail before he too was cut down. Despite his verbal contortions in public, Bobby Kennedy always knew that the truth about Dallas mattered. It still does.

From Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years, by David Talbot. Published by Simon and Schuster. Talbot is the founder and former editor in chief of Salon.

For more on the presence at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles the day Robert Kennedy was shot of CIA agents from the notorious JMWave station in Miami, the station which ran the CIA's anti-Cuba operations , read or view the BBC report from November, 2006.

Robert Kennedy was investigating the CIA and the Cuban- and Italian-American mafias in relation to his brother’s assassination

He was convinced, two months before he too was assassinated – when he won the Democratic nomination to the presidency and announced that he was to reopen the case – that attempts to blame Cuba for the murder were part of a conspiracy of these groups, the possible perpetrators, according to evidence that throws new light on the Bush family’s protection of terrorist Luis Posada Carriles

by Gabriel Molina
May 21, 2007
Reprinted from Granma Internacional

RECENTLY revealed suspicions of Robert Kennedy regarding the participation of Cuban- and Italian-American mafias working for the CIA in the assassination of his brother are shedding new light on the protection granted by the Bush family to terrorist Luis Posada Carriles.

Robert Kennedy lies on the floor of the Los Angeles Ambassador Hotel two months after having said that he would reopen the assassination case.

The Chicago Tribune [sic] newspaper published an article on Sunday, May 13, revealing that Roberto F. Kennedy suspected and began investigating from the first moment — Nov. 22, 1963 — that his brother’s murder was a conspiracy between those groups, given that he knew better than anyone else the motivations behind their actions, having been working with them to overthrow Fidel Castro and strangle the Cuban Revolution after the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion.


The May 13 article is an excerpt of the book, Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years, by David Talbot, published recently by the prominent firm Simon and Schuster.

Robert Kennedy had learned that in Washington, the best thing was to keep a secret when working on something important. That is why he gave misinformation for years, saying publicly that no investigation would bring his brother back. But in reality, his investigation was initiated the very afternoon of the assassination, and it is possible to trace back the time when he frenetically began using the telephone in his home on Hickory Hill to summon all of his top aides there to analyze the crime.

Center, two of three CIA agents who, “by chance,” were in the Ambassador Hotel on the day Robert Kennedy was assassinated.

The younger Kennedy, who was Attorney General at the time, concluded that the path to the crime was distant from ex-Marine Lee Harvey Oswald, who had already been arrested. That was how he secretly became the first – and most important – assassination conspiracy theorist.

“CIA sources began disseminating their own conspiratorial view of Kennedy's murder within hours of the crime, spotlighting Oswald's defection to the Soviet Union and his public support for Fidel Castro” claimed by “an exile group funded secretly by a CIA program code-named AMSPELL,” Talbot says. This group in New Orleans, which called itself the Cuban Student Directorate, released a recording that it said was of Oswald defending the Cuban president, and claiming that the alleged assassin had ties to the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a solidarity organization.

“But Robert Kennedy never believed the assassination was a communist plot. Instead, he looked in the opposite direction, focusing his suspicions on the CIA's secretive anti-Castro operations, a murky underworld he had navigated as his brother's point man on Cuba. Ironically, RFK's suspicions were shared by Castro himself, whom he had sought to overthrow throughout the Kennedy presidency,” Talbot notes.

In these tasks assigned to him by President Kennedy after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, Robert learned about the sewer of intrigues comprising the elements who participated in plots to kill the Cuban president. He was particularly impacted by the plans organized by the CIA, along with Cuban gangsters and Italian-American mafia capos John Rossellli, Sam Giancana and Santos Trafficante.

These and other “godfathers” had been pursued by Robert Kennedy in the late 1950s when he was chief counsel for the Senate Rackets Committee and during his years as attorney general in his brother’s administration. He also knew that all three groups hated the Kennedys and considered them traitors because of the fiascos of the Bay of Pigs in 1961 and the Missile Crisis in 1962.


“This Miami netherworld of spies, gangsters and Cuban terrorists is where Robert Kennedy immediately cast his suspicions on Nov. 22. In the years since RFK's own assassination [June 5, 1968], an impressive body of evidence has accumulated that suggests why Kennedy felt compelled to look in that direction,” Talbot says, including Congressional testimony, declassified government documents and even “veiled confessions.” The most recent was that uncovered by reputed spy E. Howard Hunt before his death in January, just three months ago. The man who organized the Watergate spies admits in his book American Spy, published posthumously, that the CIA could have been involved in Kennedy’s murder. In handwritten notes and a recording he left behind when he died, he went further, admitting that in 1963, he participated in a CIA meeting where assassination plans were discussed.


The night the president was killed, Robert Kennedy made a phone call to Julius Draznin, an expert on trade union corruption in Chicago, to ask him about any connections in Dallas to the Mafia. He also called his top investigator in the Department of Justice, Walter Sheridan, who was in Nashville waiting for the trial of Robert’s old nemesis, Jimmy Hoffa, the leader of the Teamsters Union.

If Kennedy had any doubts about the Mafia’s participation in the assassination, they were cleared up two days later when Jack Ruby shot Oswald in the basement of the police station where he was being held for the president’s murder.

Sheridan quickly supplied evidence that Ruby had been paid in Chicago by a close associate of Hoffa’s, Allen M. Dorfman, his chief adviser on the Teamsters’ pension funds and stepson of Paul Dorfman, Hoffa’s main liaison with the Chicago mafia.

Days later, Draznin — who had been Kennedy’s man in his old feud with Al Capone — provided more evidence with a complete report on Ruby’s ties to the Mafia. When he took him the list of phone calls that Ruby had made around the time of the assassination, Robert told his assistant, Frank Mankiewicz, that the list was “almost a duplicate of the people I called to testify before the Rackets Committee,” Talbot writes.

With respect to the CIA, Robert knew that its director, John McCone, did not have complete control over the agency. “...Dick Helms was running the agency,” was the comment by the attorney general’s aide, John Seigenthaler.

On the same day, the 22nd, he had a revealing conversation with Enrique Ruiz Williams, a friend and a veteran of the Bay of Pigs invasion, who he left speechless when he told him “One of your guys did it,” Talbot says.

“The CIA and its anti-Castro client groups were already trying to connect the alleged assassin to the Havana regime. But as Kennedy's blunt remark to Williams makes clear, the attorney general wasn't buying it. Recent evidence suggests that Bobby Kennedy had heard the name Lee Harvey Oswald long before it exploded in news bulletins around the world, and he connected it with the government's underground war on Castro. With Oswald's arrest in Dallas, Kennedy apparently realized that the government's clandestine campaign against Castro had boomeranged at his brother,” Talbot says.

Members of the family and close friends say that on the weekend of the assassination, Robert, sleepless, pondered his brother’s death. “Bobby told family members that that JFK had been killed by a powerful plot that grew out of one of the government's secret anti-Castro operations. There was nothing they could do at that point, Bobby added.” Justice would have to be postponed until they could take the White House.

Over the years, Kennedy offered bland and routine endorsements to the Warren Report and its theory of the lone gunman. But privately, he continued working assiduously to clear up his brother’s killing, preparing to reopen the case if he were to obtain the power to do so.

After he left the Justice Department in 1964 and was elected senator for New York, Kennedy traveled to Mexico, where he looked for information on Oswald’s mysterious trip in September 1963, two months before the assassination. He and Mankiewicz came to the conclusion that it was probably a conspiracy involving the Mafia, Cuban exiles and CIA officials. In March of ’68, during his presidential election campaign, he addressed a raucous rally of students in Northridge, California, who shouted that they wanted to know who had killed the president, and “Open the archives!”

Robert knew that if he made reference to the subject, it would dominate his campaign instead of other campaign issues, like the Vietnam War and racial segregation. But he always addressed the students with “surprising honesty” and “stunned” his press secretary, Mankiewicz, when in response to a question, he replied “...the archives will be open” and “...there is no one who would be more interested...than I...”

Perhaps he was signing his death sentence. Two months later, he too, was shot dead.


Recently, it was discovered that the group of CIA officials suspected of killing John F. Kennedy were present for more than their duties at the hotel where Robert, the candidate most likely to win the presidency, was killed.

When we recall that the case officer assigned to dirty work against Cuba was for along time George Bush Sr., it is easier to understand how Luis Posada Carriles, also a suspect in President Kennedy’s assassination, could blackmail Bush Jr. It is not just about the drug trafficking-for-arms scandal in Central America, something the self-confessed terrorist and fugitive of justice knows a lot about. It is also a matter of other unmentionable crimes of the CIA-Gate gang.


Robert Kennedy sospechaba de la pandilla
cubana, la CIA y la Mafia

por Gabriel Molina
20 de mayo de 2007
Reimprimado de Granma Diario

Las sospechas de Robert Kennedy recién reveladas sobre la participación de las pandillas de origen cubano e italiano al servicio de la CIA en el magnicidio de su hermano, arrojan nueva luz sobre la protección de la familia Bush al terrorista Luis Posada Carriles.

Robert Kennedy yace en, el suelo del Hotel Ambassador de Los Ángeles, dos meses después de haber dicho que reabriría el caso del magnicidio.

El diario Chicago Tribune [sic] reveló el domingo último que Robert F. Kennedy sospechó —y comenzó a investigar desde el primer momento— el 22 de noviembre de 1963, que el asesinato del Presidente fue una conspiración de esos grupos, pues él conocía mejor que nadie las motivaciones que los movían, por haber estado trabajando con ellos para derrocar a Fidel Castro y ahogar a la Revolución cubana, después del fiasco de Playa Girón, en la Bahía de Cochinos.


Las revelaciones aparecen en un artículo en ese diario el domingo 13 de mayo, del escritor David Talbot, sobre su libro Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years, editado en estos días por la afamada firma Simon and Schuster.

Robert Kennedy había aprendido que en Washington lo mejor era guardar secreto cuando se trabajaba en algo importante. Por eso desinformó durante varios años, diciendo en público que ninguna investigación traería a su hermano de regreso. Pero, en realidad, desde esa misma tarde del magnicidio, es posible seguir la pista de su investigación, ya que comenzó enseguida a utilizar frenéticamente el teléfono desde su casa en Hickory Hill, y a convocar allí a sus ayudantes principales, para reconstruir los hilos del crimen.

Al centro, dos de los tres agentes de la CIA que, “casualmente”, se encontraban en el Ambassador el día del asesinato de Robert Kennedy.

El entonces Secretario de Justicia concluyó que la senda del atentado estaba bien lejos del ex marino Lee Harvey Oswald, quien ya había sido arrestado. Así se convirtió secretamente en el primer —y más importante— teórico de la conspiración asesina.

Fuentes de la CIA comenzaron a diseminar su propia visión conspirativa, desde las primeras horas del crimen, enfocándolo en la defección de Oswald hacia la Unión Soviética y su supuesto apoyo a Fidel Castro, que predicaba un grupo secretamente organizado por la Compañía con el código secreto AMSPEL, relató Talbot.

Ese llamado Directorio Estudiantil difundió una grabación que decían habían hecho a Oswald, defendiendo al líder cubano en Nueva Orleans. Alegaban que el supuesto asesino tenía lazos con el Comité de Justo Trato para Cuba.

Pero Robert Kennedy nunca creyó que el asesinato fue un complot comunista. Él miraba en dirección opuesta, enfocándolo en sus sospechas sobre las secretas operaciones anti-Castro de la CIA en el turbio bajo mundo en que él había navegado como hombre puntero de su hermano sobre el tema de Cuba. Irónicamente, las sospechas de Robert nacieron por hacer él la parte del trabajo que le correspondía: provocar el derrocamiento de Fidel Castro.

En esas tareas que le asignó el presidente Kennedy después de la fracasada invasión, conoció la cloaca de intrigas constituida por los elementos que participaban en los complots para asesinar al Presidente de Cuba. Especialmente le chocó el plan organizado por la CIA con los pandilleros cubanos y los capos mafiosos italo-americanos John Rossellli, Sam Giancana y Santos Trafficante.

A estos y otros padrinos había perseguido con saña Robert Kennedy en los primeros años de los cincuenta, como consejero del Comité especial del Congreso que investigaba a los raqueteros y en sus años como Secretario de Justicia en el Gobierno de su hermano. También sabía cómo los tres grupos odiaban y calificaban de traidores a los Kennedy, por el desenlace de Bahía de Cochinos en 1961 y la Crisis de los Cohetes en 1962.


En el siniestro mundo de espías, pandilleros y terroristas cubanos de Miami, fue donde Robert Kennedy rápidamente acumuló sus sospechas el mismo 22 de noviembre. En los años sucesivos hasta su propio asesinato, el 5 de junio de 1968, pudo reunir un impresionante cuerpo de evidencias que sustentan por qué Robert se sintió obligado a mirar en esa dirección.

La más reciente evidencia aparecida, además de los testimonios en el Congreso, los documentos gubernamentales desclasificados y hasta las veladas confesiones, ha sido la revelación del reputado espía fallecido en enero, hace solo cuatro meses, E. Howard Hunt. El organizador de los plomeros de Watergate admite en su libro póstumo American Spy, que la Compañía pudo haber estado involucrada en el magnicidio. En notas manuscritas y una grabación dejada al morir, fue más lejos, pues admite que en 1963 él participó en una reunión de miembros de la CIA, en una casa de seguridad en Miami, donde se discutió sobre un atentado contra el Presidente.


La noche del magnicidio, Robert Kennedy telefoneó en Chicago a Julius Draznin, quien es un experto en corrupción en los sindicatos, para preguntarle sobre una posible conexión en Dallas de la Mafia. También llamó a su investigador estrella en la Secretaría de Justicia, Walter Sheridan, quien se encontraba en Nashville esperando por el juicio del antiguo némesis de Robert, el dirigente de los camioneros, Jimmy Hoffa.

Si Kennedy tenía algunas dudas sobre la participación de la Mafia en el magnicidio, las disipó dos días después, cuando Jack Ruby disparó contra Oswald en el sótano de la estación de policía donde estaba preso el presunto asesino de su hermano.

Sheridan le suministró rápida evidencia de que Ruby había sido pagado en Chicago por un cercano asociado de Hoffa, Allen M. Dorfman, consejero jefe del Fondo de Retiro de los Camioneros e hijastro de Paul Dorfman, dirigente laboral y vínculo principal con la Mafia de Chicago. Días después, Draznin, hombre de Kennedy en el antiguo feudo de Al Capone, proveyó más evidencias con un informe completo acerca de los lazos de Ruby con la Mafia. Cuando le llevaron la lista de las llamadas que Ruby había hecho en los días del asesinato, dijo a su ayudante Frank Mankiewicz que la lista era como un duplicado de la gente que yo llamaba a testificar ante el Comité que investigaba a los raqueteros.

Respecto a la CIA, Robert sabía que el director, John McCone, no la controlaba. Richard Helms es quien está a cargo de la Agencia, comentó con otro ayudante, John Seigenthaler.

El propio día 22 tuvo una reveladora conversación con Enrique Ruiz Williams, un amigo, veterano de la invasión de Bahía de Cochinos, a quien dejó estupefacto cuando le dijo: Uno de tus colegas lo hizo.

La CIA y los grupos cubanos enemigos de Castro trataban de conectar al alegado asesino con el régimen de La Habana. Pero para Williams quedó claro que Robert Kennedy no compraba la versión. Evidencias recientes sugieren —anota Talbot—, que Robert había escuchado el nombre de Oswald largo tiempo antes de que irrumpiera en las noticias alrededor del mundo, y que conectaba a ese hombre con la guerra subterránea del Gobierno norteamericano contra Cuba. Con su arresto en Dallas, Kennedy aparentemente comprendió que la campaña clandestina contra Castro se había convertido en un bumerán contra su hermano.

Miembros de la familia y también íntimos amigos dicen que ese fin de semana del atentado, Robert, desvelado, andaba cavilando solo sobre la muerte de su hermano. Dijo ese día que John había sido víctima de un poderoso complot que creció al margen de una de las operaciones anti-Castro secretas. No había nada que se podía hacer sobre ese punto, agregó. La Justicia tendría que esperar hasta que pudiera retomar la Casa Blanca.

A través de los años, Kennedy ofrecería rutinarios endosos al Informe Warren y su teoría del tirador único. Pero en privado, continuó trabajando asiduamente para esclarecer la muerte de su hermano, en preparación para reabrirlo si en algún momento obtenía el poder para hacerlo.

Después que dejó el Departamento de Justicia en 1964 y fue elegido para el Senado por Nueva York, Kennedy viajó a México, donde buscó información sobre el misterioso viaje de Oswald en septiembre de 1963, dos meses antes del crimen. Mankiewicz y él llegaron a la conclusión de que probablemente era un complot que envolvió a la Mafia, a los exiliados cubanos y oficiales de la CIA. En marzo del 68, durante su campaña para candidato a la presidencia, se dirigió a un tumultuoso mitin de estudiantes en Nortridge, California, quienes le gritaron que querían saber quién mató al Presidente, que abrieran los archivos.

Robert sabía que si se refería a ello, el tema iba a dominar la campaña en vez de otros candentes asuntos, como la guerra en Viet Nam y la segregación racial en el país. Pero él se dirigía siempre a los estudiantes con sorprendente sinceridad y dejó en una pieza a Mankiewicz cuando después de alguna duda, respondió: Pueden estar seguros de que no hay nadie más interesado que yo. Sí, yo reabriré el caso.


Tal vez estaba firmando su sentencia de muerte. Dos meses después, también caería asesinado.

Recientemente fue descubierto que el grupo de oficiales CIA sospechoso del asesinato del Presidente, estaba presente, más allá de sus funciones, en el hotel donde fue asesinado Robert, el candidato seguro a ganar la presidencia.

Cuando se recuerda que el oficial del caso del trabajo sucio contra Cuba fue largo tiempo George Bush padre; cuando se recuerda que Bush padre era el vicepresidente durante la época del escándaloso tráfico de armas por drogas en Centroamérica, de lo que sabe y tiene todo el terrorista y prófugo de la justicia confeso; cuando se recuerdan tantos otros inconfesables crímenes de la pandilla del CIA-GATE, se comprende mejor que Luis Posada Carriles, también sospechoso en el asesinato de Kennedy, que estaba ese día en Dallas y es señalado por el Informe del Congreso que lo investigó, pueda chantajear a George Bush hijo.



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